Commit 2f05a751 authored by Philip Paeps's avatar Philip Paeps
Browse files

Import tzdata 2018f

parent e5646a62
......@@ -17,11 +17,14 @@ To email small changes, please run a POSIX shell command like
'diff -u old/europe new/europe >myfix.patch', and attach
myfix.patch to the email.
For more-elaborate changes, please read the theory.html file and browse
the mailing list archives <https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/> for
examples of patches that tend to work well. Additions to
data should contain commentary citing reliable sources as
justification. Citations should use https: URLs if available.
For more-elaborate or possibly-controversial changes,
such as renaming, adding or removing zones, please read
<https://www.iana.org/time-zones/repository/theory.html> or the file
theory.html. It is also good to browse the mailing list archives
<https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/> for examples of patches that tend
to work well. Additions to data should contain commentary citing
reliable sources as justification. Citations should use https: URLs
if available.
Please submit changes against either the latest release in
<https://www.iana.org/time-zones> or the master branch of the development
......
This diff is collapsed.
This diff is collapsed.
......@@ -4,7 +4,7 @@ README for the tz distribution
"Any time you want it to be." -- Frank Baxter as The Scientist
(from the Bell System film "About Time")
The Time Zone Database (often called tz or zoneinfo) contains code and
The Time Zone Database (called tz, tzdb or zoneinfo) contains code and
data that represent the history of local time for many representative
locations around the globe. It is updated periodically to reflect
changes made by political bodies to time zone boundaries, UTC offsets,
......@@ -20,17 +20,15 @@ substituting your desired installation directory for "$HOME/tzdir":
make TOPDIR=$HOME/tzdir install
$HOME/tzdir/usr/bin/zdump -v America/Los_Angeles
Historical local time information has been included here to:
This database of historical local time information has several goals:
* provide a compendium of data about the history of civil time
that is useful even if not 100% accurate;
* Provide a compendium of data about the history of civil time that
is useful even if not 100% accurate.
* give an idea of the variety of local time rules that have
existed in the past and thus an idea of the variety that may be
expected in the future;
* Give an idea of the variety of local time rules that have existed
in the past and thus may be expected in the future.
* provide a test of the generality of the local time rule description
system.
* Test the generality of the local time rule description system.
The information in the time zone data files is by no means authoritative;
fixes and enhancements are welcome. Please see the file CONTRIBUTING
......
# tzdb data for Africa and environs
# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
......@@ -6,7 +8,7 @@
# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
# From Paul Eggert (2017-04-09):
# From Paul Eggert (2018-05-27):
#
# Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
......@@ -51,13 +53,15 @@
# I vaguely recall 'WAT' also being used for -01 in the past but
# cannot now come up with solid citations.
#
# I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome!
# +02 WAST West Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
# +03 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
# +03 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
# I invented the following abbreviations in the 1990s:
# +02 WAST West Africa Summer Time
# +03 CAST Central Africa Summer Time
# +03 SAST South Africa Summer Time
# +03 EAT East Africa Time
# 'EAT' also seems to have caught on; the others are rare but are paired
# with better-attested non-DST abbreviations.
# 'EAT' seems to have caught on and is in current timestamps, and though
# the other abbreviations are rarer and are only in past timestamps,
# they are paired with better-attested non-DST abbreviations.
# Corrections are welcome.
# Algeria
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
......@@ -362,6 +366,13 @@ Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:09 - LMT 1900 Oct
# Eritrea
# Ethiopia
# See Africa/Nairobi.
#
# Unfortunately tzdb records only Western clock time in use in Ethiopia,
# as the tzdb format is not up to properly recording a common Ethiopian
# timekeeping practice that is based on solar time. See:
# Mortada D. If you have a meeting in Ethiopia, you'd better double
# check the time. PRI's The World. 2015-01-30 15:15 -05.
# https://www.pri.org/stories/2015-01-30/if-you-have-meeting-ethiopia-you-better-double-check-time
# Gabon
# See Africa/Lagos.
......
# tzdb data for Antarctica and environs
# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
......
# tzdb data for Asia and environs
# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
......@@ -6,7 +8,7 @@
# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
# From Paul Eggert (2017-01-13):
# From Paul Eggert (2018-06-19):
#
# Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
......@@ -35,7 +37,8 @@
# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
#
# The following alphabetic abbreviations appear in these tables:
# The following alphabetic abbreviations appear in these tables
# (corrections are welcome):
# std dst
# LMT Local Mean Time
# 2:00 EET EEST Eastern European Time
......@@ -44,11 +47,13 @@
# 7:00 WIB west Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Barat)
# 8:00 WITA central Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Tengah)
# 8:00 CST China
# 8:00 PST PDT* Philippine Standard Time
# 8:30 KST KDT Korea when at +0830
# 9:00 WIT east Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Timur)
# 9:00 JST JDT Japan
# 9:00 KST KDT Korea when at +09
# 9:30 ACST Australian Central Standard Time
# *I invented the abbreviation PDT; see "Philippines" below.
# Otherwise, these tables typically use numeric abbreviations like +03
# and +0330 for integer hour and minute UT offsets. Although earlier
# editions invented alphabetic time zone abbreviations for every
......@@ -281,6 +286,29 @@ Zone Asia/Yangon 6:24:47 - LMT 1880 # or Rangoon
# China
# From Paul Eggert (2018-10-02):
# The following comes from Table 1 of:
# Li Yu. Research on the daylight saving movement in 1940s Shanghai.
# Nanjing Journal of Social Sciences. 2014;(2):144-50.
# http://oversea.cnki.net/kns55/detail.aspx?dbname=CJFD2014&filename=NJSH201402020
# The table lists dates only; I am guessing 00:00 and 24:00 transition times.
# Also, the table lists the planned end of DST in 1949, but the corresponding
# zone line cuts this off on May 28, when the Communists took power.
#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Shang 1940 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Shang 1940 only - Oct 12 24:00 0 S
Rule Shang 1941 only - Mar 15 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Shang 1941 only - Nov 1 24:00 0 S
Rule Shang 1942 only - Jan 31 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Shang 1945 only - Sep 1 24:00 0 S
Rule Shang 1946 only - May 15 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Shang 1946 only - Sep 30 24:00 0 S
Rule Shang 1947 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Shang 1947 only - Oct 31 24:00 0 S
Rule Shang 1948 1949 - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Shang 1948 1949 - Sep 30 24:00 0 S #plan
# From Guy Harris:
# People's Republic of China. Yes, they really have only one time zone.
......@@ -307,18 +335,33 @@ Zone Asia/Yangon 6:24:47 - LMT 1880 # or Rangoon
# time - sort of", Los Angeles Times, 1986-05-05 ... [says] that China began
# observing daylight saving time in 1986.
# From Paul Eggert (2014-06-30):
# Shanks & Pottenger have China switching to a single time zone in 1980, but
# this doesn't seem to be correct. They also write that China observed summer
# DST from 1986 through 1991, which seems to match the above commentary, so
# go with them for DST rules as follows:
# From P Chan (2018-05-07):
# The start and end time of DST in China [from 1986 on] should be 2:00
# (i.e. 2:00 to 3:00 at the start and 2:00 to 1:00 at the end)....
# Government notices about summer time:
#
# 1986-04-12 http://www.zj.gov.cn/attach/zfgb/198608.pdf p.21-22
# (To establish summer time from 1986. On 4 May, set the clocks ahead one hour
# at 2 am. On 14 September, set the clocks backward one hour at 2 am.)
#
# 1987-02-15 http://www.gov.cn/gongbao/shuju/1987/gwyb198703.pdf p.114
# (Summer time in 1987 to start from 12 April until 13 September)
#
# 1987-09-09 http://www.gov.cn/gongbao/shuju/1987/gwyb198721.pdf p.709
# (From 1988, summer time to start from 2 am of the first Sunday of mid-April
# until 2 am of the first Sunday of mid-September)
#
# 1992-03-03 http://www.gov.cn/gongbao/shuju/1992/gwyb199205.pdf p.152
# (To suspend summer time from 1992)
#
# The first page of People's Daily on 12 April 1988 stating that summer time
# to begin on 17 April.
# http://data.people.com.cn/pic/101p/1988/04/1988041201.jpg
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Shang 1940 only - Jun 3 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Shang 1940 1941 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
Rule Shang 1941 only - Mar 16 0:00 1:00 D
Rule PRC 1986 only - May 4 0:00 1:00 D
Rule PRC 1986 1991 - Sep Sun>=11 0:00 0 S
Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
Rule PRC 1986 only - May 4 2:00 1:00 D
Rule PRC 1986 1991 - Sep Sun>=11 2:00 0 S
Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=11 2:00 1:00 D
# From Anthony Fok (2001-12-20):
# BTW, I did some research on-line and found some info regarding these five
......@@ -340,10 +383,11 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# Alois Treindl kindly sent me translations of the following two sources:
#
# (1)
# Guo Qingsheng (National Time-Service Center, CAS, Xi'an 710600, China)
# Guo Qing-sheng (National Time-Service Center, CAS, Xi'an 710600, China)
# Beijing Time at the Beginning of the PRC
# China Historical Materials of Science and Technology
# (Zhongguo ke ji shi liao, 中国科技史料), Vol. 24, No. 1 (2003)
# (Zhongguo ke ji shi liao, 中国科技史料). 2003;24(1):5-9.
# http://oversea.cnki.net/kcms/detail/detail.aspx?filename=ZGKS200301000&dbname=CJFD2003
# It gives evidence that at the beginning of the PRC, Beijing time was
# officially apparent solar time! However, Guo also says that the
# evidence is dubious, as the relevant institute of astronomy had not
......@@ -520,7 +564,7 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
# Beijing time, used throughout China; represented by Shanghai.
Zone Asia/Shanghai 8:05:43 - LMT 1901
8:00 Shang C%sT 1949
8:00 Shang C%sT 1949 May 28
8:00 PRC C%sT
# Xinjiang time, used by many in western China; represented by Ürümqi / Ürümchi
# / Wulumuqi. (Please use Asia/Shanghai if you prefer Beijing time.)
......@@ -749,24 +793,140 @@ Zone Asia/Taipei 8:06:00 - LMT 1896 Jan 1
8:00 Taiwan C%sT
# Macau (Macao, Aomen)
#
# From P Chan (2018-05-10):
# * LegisMac
# http://legismac.safp.gov.mo/legismac/descqry/Descqry.jsf?lang=pt
# A database for searching titles of legal documents of Macau in
# Chinese and Portuguese. The term "HORÁRIO DE VERÃO" can be used for
# searching decrees about summer time.
# * Archives of Macao
# http://www.archives.gov.mo/en/bo/
# It contains images of old official gazettes.
# * The Macao Meteorological and Geophysical Bureau have a page listing the
# summer time history. But it is not complete and has some mistakes.
# http://www.smg.gov.mo/smg/geophysics/e_t_Summer%20Time.htm
# Macau adopted GMT+8 on 30 Oct 1904 to follow Hong Kong. Clocks were
# advanced by 25 minutes and 50 seconds. Which means the LMT used was
# +7:34:10. As stated in the "Portaria No. 204" dated 21 October 1904
# and published in the Official Gazette on 29 October 1904.
# http://igallery.icm.gov.mo/Images/Archives/BO/MO_AH_PUB_BO_1904_10/MO_AH_PUB_BO_1904_10_00025_Grey.JPG
#
# Therefore the 1911 decree of Portugal did not change time in Macau.
#
# From LegisMac, here is a list of decrees that changed the time ...
# [Decree Gazette-no. date; titles omitted in this quotation]
# DIL 732 BOCM 51 1941.12.20
# DIL 764 BOCM 9S 1942.04.30
# DIL 781 BOCM 21 1942.10.10
# PT 3434 BOCM 8S 1943.04.17
# PT 3504 BOCM 20 1943.09.25
# PT 3843 BOCM 39 1945.09.29
# PT 3961 BOCM 17 1946.04.27
# PT 4026 BOCM 39 1946.09.28
# PT 4153 BOCM 16 1947.04.10
# PT 4271 BOCM 48 1947.11.29
# PT 4374 BOCM 18 1948.05.01
# PT 4465 BOCM 44 1948.10.30
# PT 4590 BOCM 14 1949.04.02
# PT 4666 BOCM 44 1949.10.29
# PT 4771 BOCM 12 1950.03.25
# PT 4838 BOCM 43 1950.10.28
# PT 4946 BOCM 12 1951.03.24
# PT 5025 BO 43 1951.10.27
# PT 5149 BO 14 1952.04.05
# PT 5251 BO 43 1952.10.25
# PT 5366 BO 13 1953.03.28
# PT 5444 BO 44 1953.10.31
# PT 5540 BO 12 1954.03.20
# PT 5589 BO 44 1954.10.30
# PT 5676 BO 12 1955.03.19
# PT 5739 BO 45 1955.11.05
# PT 5823 BO 11 1956.03.17
# PT 5891 BO 44 1956.11.03
# PT 5981 BO 12 1957.03.23
# PT 6064 BO 43 1957.10.26
# PT 6172 BO 12 1958.03.22
# PT 6243 BO 43 1958.10.25
# PT 6341 BO 12 1959.03.21
# PT 6411 BO 43 1959.10.24
# PT 6514 BO 11 1960.03.12
# PT 6584 BO 44 1960.10.29
# PT 6721 BO 10 1961.03.11
# PT 6815 BO 43 1961.10.28
# PT 6947 BO 10 1962.03.10
# PT 7080 BO 43 1962.10.27
# PT 7218 BO 12 1963.03.23
# PT 7340 BO 43 1963.10.26
# PT 7491 BO 11 1964.03.14
# PT 7664 BO 43 1964.10.24
# PT 7846 BO 15 1965.04.10
# PT 7979 BO 42 1965.10.16
# PT 8146 BO 15 1966.04.09
# PT 8252 BO 41 1966.10.08
# PT 8429 BO 15 1967.04.15
# PT 8540 BO 41 1967.10.14
# PT 8735 BO 15 1968.04.13
# PT 8860 BO 41 1968.10.12
# PT 9035 BO 16 1969.04.19
# PT 9156 BO 42 1969.10.18
# PT 9328 BO 15 1970.04.11
# PT 9418 BO 41 1970.10.10
# PT 9587 BO 14 1971.04.03
# PT 9702 BO 41 1971.10.09
# PT 38-A/72 BO 14 1972.04.01
# PT 126-A/72 BO 41 1972.10.07
# PT 61/73 BO 14 1973.04.07
# PT 182/73 BO 40 1973.10.06
# PT 282/73 BO 51 1973.12.22
# PT 177/74 BO 41 1974.10.12
# PT 51/75 BO 15 1975.04.12
# PT 173/75 BO 41 1975.10.11
# PT 67/76/M BO 14 1976.04.03
# PT 169/76/M BO 41 1976.10.09
# PT 78/79/M BO 19 1979.05.12
# PT 166/79/M BO 42 1979.10.20
# Note that DIL 732 does not belong to "HORÁRIO DE VERÃO" according to
# LegisMac.... Note that between 1942 and 1945, the time switched
# between GMT+9 and GMT+10. Also in 1965 and 1965 the DST ended at 2:30am.
# From Paul Eggert (2018-05-10):
# The 1904 decree says that Macau changed from the meridian of
# Fortaleza do Monte, presumably the basis for the 7:34:10 for LMT.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Macau 1961 1962 - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1961 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 S
Rule Macau 1963 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1964 only - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1965 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1965 only - Oct 31 0:00 0 S
Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 S
Rule Macau 1972 1974 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1972 1973 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 S
Rule Macau 1974 1977 - Oct Sun>=15 3:30 0 S
Rule Macau 1975 1977 - Apr Sun>=15 3:30 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 S
# See Europe/Lisbon for info about the 1912 transition.
Rule Macau 1942 1943 - Apr 30 23:00 1:00 -
Rule Macau 1942 only - Nov 17 23:00 0 -
Rule Macau 1943 only - Sep 30 23:00 0 S
Rule Macau 1946 only - Apr 30 23:00s 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1946 only - Sep 30 23:00s 0 S
Rule Macau 1947 only - Apr 19 23:00s 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1947 only - Nov 30 23:00s 0 S
Rule Macau 1948 only - May 2 23:00s 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1948 only - Oct 31 23:00s 0 S
Rule Macau 1949 1950 - Apr Sat>=1 23:00s 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1949 1950 - Oct lastSat 23:00s 0 S
Rule Macau 1951 only - Mar 31 23:00s 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1951 only - Oct 28 23:00s 0 S
Rule Macau 1952 1953 - Apr Sat>=1 23:00s 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1952 only - Nov 1 23:00s 0 S
Rule Macau 1953 1954 - Oct lastSat 23:00s 0 S
Rule Macau 1954 1956 - Mar Sat>=17 23:00s 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1955 only - Nov 5 23:00s 0 S
Rule Macau 1956 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 03:30 0 S
Rule Macau 1957 1964 - Mar Sun>=18 03:30 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1965 1973 - Apr Sun>=16 03:30 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1965 1966 - Oct Sun>=16 02:30 0 S
Rule Macau 1967 1976 - Oct Sun>=16 03:30 0 S
Rule Macau 1973 only - Dec 30 03:30 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1975 1976 - Apr Sun>=16 03:30 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1979 only - May 13 03:30 1:00 D
Rule Macau 1979 only - Oct Sun>=16 03:30 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Macau 7:34:20 - LMT 1911 Dec 31 16:00u
Zone Asia/Macau 7:34:10 - LMT 1904 Oct 30
8:00 - CST 1941 Dec 21 23:00
9:00 Macau +09/+10 1945 Sep 30 24:00
8:00 Macau C%sT
......@@ -1471,9 +1631,29 @@ Zone Asia/Jerusalem 2:20:54 - LMT 1880
# http://www.shugiin.go.jp/internet/itdb_housei.nsf/html/houritsu/00719500331039.htm
# ... In summary, it is written as follows. From 24:00 on the first Saturday
# in May, until 0:00 on the day after the second Saturday in September.
# From Phake Nick (2018-09-27):
# [T]he webpage authored by National Astronomical Observatory of Japan
# https://eco.mtk.nao.ac.jp/koyomi/wiki/BBFEB9EF2FB2C6BBFEB9EF.html
# ... mentioned that using Showa 23 (year 1948) as example, 13pm of September
# 11 in summer time will equal to 0am of September 12 in standard time.
# It cited a document issued by the Liaison Office which briefly existed
# during the postwar period of Japan, where the detail on implementation
# of the summer time is described in the document.
# https://eco.mtk.nao.ac.jp/koyomi/wiki/BBFEB9EF2FB2C6BBFEB9EFB2C6BBFEB9EFA4CEBCC2BBDCA4CBA4C4A4A4A4C6.pdf
# The text in the document do instruct a fall back to occur at
# September 11, 13pm in summer time, while ordinary citizens can
# change the clock before they sleep.
#
# From Paul Eggert (2018-09-27):
# This instruction is equivalent to "Sat>=8 25:00", so use that. zic treats
# it like "Sun>=9 01:00", which is not quite the same but is the best we can
# do in any POSIX or C platform. The "25:00" assumes zic from 2007 or later,
# which should be safe now.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Japan 1948 only - May Sat>=1 24:00 1:00 D
Rule Japan 1948 1951 - Sep Sun>=9 0:00 0 S
Rule Japan 1948 1951 - Sep Sat>=8 25:00 0 S
Rule Japan 1949 only - Apr Sat>=1 24:00 1:00 D
Rule Japan 1950 1951 - May Sat>=1 24:00 1:00 D
......@@ -1855,7 +2035,7 @@ Zone Asia/Aqtobe 3:48:40 - LMT 1924 May 2
5:00 - +05
# Mangghystaū (KZ-MAN)
# Aqtau was not founded until 1963, but it represents an inhabited region,
# so include time stamps before 1963.
# so include timestamps before 1963.
Zone Asia/Aqtau 3:21:04 - LMT 1924 May 2
4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
5:00 - +05 1981 Oct 1
......@@ -1995,6 +2175,10 @@ Rule ROK 1987 1988 - Oct Sun>=8 3:00 0 S
# Assembly, as published in Rodong Sinmun.
# From Tim Parenti (2018-04-29):
# It appears to be the front page story at the top in the right-most column.
#
# From Paul Eggert (2018-05-04):
# The BBC reported that the transition was from 23:30 to 24:00 today.
# https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-44010705
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Seoul 8:27:52 - LMT 1908 Apr 1
......@@ -2007,7 +2191,7 @@ Zone Asia/Pyongyang 8:23:00 - LMT 1908 Apr 1
8:30 - KST 1912 Jan 1
9:00 - JST 1945 Aug 24
9:00 - KST 2015 Aug 15 00:00
8:30 - KST 2018 May 5
8:30 - KST 2018 May 4 23:30
9:00 - KST
###############################################################################
......@@ -2757,19 +2941,35 @@ Zone Asia/Hebron 2:20:23 - LMT 1900 Oct
# Philippine Star 2014-08-05
# http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2014/08/05/1354152/pnoy-urged-declare-use-daylight-saving-time
# From Paul Goyette (2018-06-15):
# In the Philippines, there is a national law, Republic Act No. 10535
# which declares the official time here as "Philippine Standard Time".
# The act [1] even specifies use of PST as the abbreviation, although
# the FAQ provided by PAGASA [2] uses the "acronym PhST to distinguish
# it from the Pacific Standard Time (PST)."
# [1] http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/2013/05/15/republic-act-no-10535/
# [2] https://www1.pagasa.dost.gov.ph/index.php/astronomy/philippine-standard-time#republic-act-10535
#
# From Paul Eggert (2018-06-19):
# I surveyed recent news reports, and my impression is that "PST" is
# more popular among reliable English-language news sources. This is
# not just a measure of Google hit counts: it's also the sizes and
# influence of the sources. There is no current abbreviation for DST,
# so use "PDT", the usual American style.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Phil 1936 only - Nov 1 0:00 1:00 -
Rule Phil 1937 only - Feb 1 0:00 0 -
Rule Phil 1954 only - Apr 12 0:00 1:00 -
Rule Phil 1954 only - Jul 1 0:00 0 -
Rule Phil 1978 only - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 -
Rule Phil 1978 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -
Rule Phil 1936 only - Nov 1 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Phil 1937 only - Feb 1 0:00 0 S
Rule Phil 1954 only - Apr 12 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Phil 1954 only - Jul 1 0:00 0 S
Rule Phil 1978 only - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Phil 1978 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Manila -15:56:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31
8:04:00 - LMT 1899 May 11
8:00 Phil +08/+09 1942 May
9:00 - +09 1944 Nov
8:00 Phil +08/+09
8:00 Phil P%sT 1942 May
9:00 - JST 1944 Nov
8:00 Phil P%sT
# Qatar
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
......@@ -2780,15 +2980,34 @@ Link Asia/Qatar Asia/Bahrain
# Saudi Arabia
#
# From Paul Eggert (2014-07-15):
# From Paul Eggert (2018-08-29):
# Time in Saudi Arabia and other countries in the Arabian peninsula was not
# standardized until relatively recently; we don't know when, and possibly it
# standardized until 1968 or so; we don't know exactly when, and possibly it
# has never been made official. Richard P Hunt, in "Islam city yielding to
# modern times", New York Times (1961-04-09), p 20, wrote that only airlines
# observed standard time, and that people in Jeddah mostly observed quasi-solar
# time, doing so by setting their watches at sunrise to 6 o'clock (or to 12
# o'clock for "Arab" time).
#
# Timekeeping differed depending on who you were and which part of Saudi
# Arabia you were in. In 1969, Elias Antar wrote that although a common
# practice had been to set one's watch to 12:00 (i.e., midnight) at sunset -
# which meant that the time on one side of a mountain could differ greatly from
# the time on the other side - many foreigners set their watches to 6pm
# instead, while airlines instead used UTC +03 (except in Dhahran, where they
# used UTC +04), Aramco used UTC +03 with DST, and the Trans-Arabian Pipe Line
# Company used Aramco time in eastern Saudi Arabia and airline time in western.
# (The American Military Aid Advisory Group used plain UTC.) Antar writes,
# "A man named Higgins, so the story goes, used to run a local power
# station. One day, the whole thing became too much for Higgins and he
# assembled his staff and laid down the law. 'I've had enough of this,' he
# shrieked. 'It is now 12 o'clock Higgins Time, and from now on this station is
# going to run on Higgins Time.' And so, until last year, it did." See:
# Antar E. Dinner at When? Saudi Aramco World, 1969 March/April. 2-3.
# http://archive.aramcoworld.com/issue/196902/dinner.at.when.htm
# newspapers.com says a similar story about Higgins was published in the Port
# Angeles (WA) Evening News, 1965-03-10, page 5, but I lack access to the text.
#
# The TZ database cannot represent quasi-solar time; airline time is the best
# we can do. The 1946 foreign air news digest of the U.S. Civil Aeronautics
# Board (OCLC 42299995) reported that the "... Arabian Government, inaugurated
......@@ -2798,7 +3017,8 @@ Link Asia/Qatar Asia/Bahrain
#
# Shanks & Pottenger also state that until 1968-05-01 Saudi Arabia had two
# time zones; the other zone, at UT +04, was in the far eastern part of
# the country. Ignore this, as it's before our 1970 cutoff.
# the country. Presumably this is documenting airline time. Ignore this,
# as it's before our 1970 cutoff.
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Riyadh 3:06:52 - LMT 1947 Mar 14
......
# tzdb data for Australasia and environs, and for much of the Pacific
# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
......@@ -361,8 +363,15 @@ Zone Indian/Cocos 6:27:40 - LMT 1900
# Dominic Fok writes (2017-08-20) that DST ends 2018-01-14, citing
# Extraordinary Government of Fiji Gazette Supplement No. 21 (2017-08-27),
# [Legal Notice No. 41] of an order of the previous day by J Usamate.
# From Raymond Kumar (2018-07-13):
# http://www.fijitimes.com/government-approves-2018-daylight-saving/
# ... The daylight saving period will end at 3am on Sunday January 13, 2019.
#
# From Paul Eggert (2018-07-15):
# For now, guess DST from 02:00 the first Sunday in November to 03:00
# the first Sunday on or after January 14. Although ad hoc, it matches
# the first Sunday on or after January 13. January transitions reportedly
# depend on when school terms start. Although the guess is ad hoc, it matches
# transitions since late 2014 and seems more likely to match future
# practice than guessing no DST.
......@@ -376,7 +385,7 @@ Rule Fiji 2011 only - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 -
Rule Fiji 2012 2013 - Jan Sun>=18 3:00 0 -
Rule Fiji 2014 only - Jan Sun>=18 2:00 0 -
Rule Fiji 2014 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 -
Rule Fiji 2015 max - Jan Sun>=14 3:00 0 -
Rule Fiji 2015 max - Jan Sun>=13 3:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Fiji 11:55:44 - LMT 1915 Oct 26 # Suva
12:00 Fiji +12/+13
......
# tzdb links for backward compatibility
# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
# This file provides links between current names for time zones
# This file provides links between current names for timezones
# and their old names. Many names changed in late 1993.
# Link TARGET LINK-NAME
......
......@@ -16,13 +16,13 @@
# the file 'backward'.
# Although zones in this file may be of some use for analyzing
# pre-1970 time stamps, they are less reliable, cover only a tiny
# pre-1970 timestamps, they are less reliable, cover only a tiny
# sliver of the pre-1970 era, and cannot feasibly be improved to cover
# most of the era. Because the zones are out of normal scope for the
# database, less effort is put into maintaining this file. Many of
# the zones were formerly in other source files, but were removed or
# replaced by links as their data entries were questionable and/or they
# differed from other zones only in pre-1970 time stamps.
# differed from other zones only in pre-1970 timestamps.
# Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
......
# tzdb data for ships at sea and other miscellany
# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
# These entries are mostly present for historical reasons, so that
# people in areas not otherwise covered by the tz files could "zic -l"
# to a time zone that was right for their area. These days, the
# to a timezone that was right for their area. These days, the
# tz files cover almost all the inhabited world, and the only practical
# need now for the entries that are not on UTC are for ships at sea
# that cannot use POSIX TZ settings.
......
# tzdb data for Europe and environs
# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
......@@ -517,7 +519,7 @@ Link Europe/London Europe/Isle_of_Man
#
# To work around this problem, the build procedure can translate the
# following data into two forms, one with negative SAVE values and the
# other form with a traditional approximation for Irish time stamps
# other form with a traditional approximation for Irish timestamps
# after 1971-10-31 02:00 UTC; although this approximation has tm_isdst
# flags that are reversed, its UTC offsets are correct and this often
# suffices. This source file currently uses only nonnegative SAVE
......@@ -2427,6 +2429,33 @@ Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct
# administratively part of Sakhalin oblast', they appear to have
# remained on UTC+11 along with Magadan.
# From Marat Nigametzianov (2018-07-16):
# this is link to order from 1956 about timezone in USSR
# http://astro.uni-altai.ru/~orion/blog/2011/11/novyie-granitsyi-chasovyih-poyasov-v-sssr/
#
# From Paul Eggert (2018-07-16):
# Perhaps someone could translate the above-mentioned link and use it
# to correct our data for the ex-Soviet Union. It cites the following:
# «Поясное время и новые границы часовых поясов» / сост. П.Н. Долгов,
# отв. ред. Г.Д. Бурдун - М: Комитет стандартов, мер и измерительных
# приборов при Совете Министров СССР, Междуведомственная комиссия
# единой службы времени, 1956 г.
# This book looks like it would be a helpful resource for the Soviet
# Union through 1956. Although a copy was in the Scientific Library
# of Tomsk State University, I have not been able to track down a copy nearby.
#
# From Stepan Golosunov (2018-07-21):
# http://astro.uni-altai.ru/~orion/blog/2015/05/center-reforma-ischisleniya-vremeni-br-na-territorii-sssr-v-1957-godu-center/
# says that the 1956 decision to change time belts' borders was not
# implemented as planned in 1956 and the change happened in 1957.