Commit 59b8fbef authored by Edwin Groothuis's avatar Edwin Groothuis
Browse files

Update to tzdata2013f:

Jordan goes to winter time on the last Friday in October.
Tocantins in Brazil will not go into summer time in October.
Indonesian time zones renames.
Lots of cleanups in with regarding to links and historical data.
parent c31d5915
......@@ -1100,9 +1100,7 @@ Zone Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 - LMT 1931
3:00 - EAT
# South Sudan
Zone Africa/Juba 2:06:24 - LMT 1931
2:00 Sudan CA%sT 2000 Jan 15 12:00
3:00 - EAT
Link Africa/Khartoum Africa/Juba
# Swaziland
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
......
......@@ -16,9 +16,9 @@
#
# Except for the French entries,
# I made up all time zone abbreviations mentioned here; corrections welcome!
# FORMAT is `zzz' and GMTOFF is 0 for locations while uninhabited.
# FORMAT is 'zzz' and GMTOFF is 0 for locations while uninhabited.
# These rules are stolen from the `southamerica' file.
# These rules are stolen from the 'southamerica' file.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule ArgAQ 1964 1966 - Mar 1 0:00 0 -
Rule ArgAQ 1964 1966 - Oct 15 0:00 1:00 S
......@@ -228,9 +228,10 @@ Zone Antarctica/Syowa 0 - zzz 1957 Jan 29
# Scott Island (never inhabited)
#
# year-round base
# Scott, Ross Island, since 1957-01, is like Antarctica/McMurdo.
# Scott Base, Ross Island, since 1957-01.
# See Pacific/Auckland.
#
# These rules for New Zealand are stolen from the `australasia' file.
# These rules for New Zealand are stolen from the 'australasia' file.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule NZAQ 1974 only - Nov 3 2:00s 1:00 D
Rule NZAQ 1975 1988 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D
......@@ -268,11 +269,11 @@ Rule NZAQ 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S
# From Lee Hotz (2001-03-08):
# I queried the folks at Columbia who spent the summer at Vostok and this is
# what they had to say about time there:
# ``in the US Camp (East Camp) we have been on New Zealand (McMurdo)
# "in the US Camp (East Camp) we have been on New Zealand (McMurdo)
# time, which is 12 hours ahead of GMT. The Russian Station Vostok was
# 6 hours behind that (although only 2 miles away, i.e. 6 hours ahead
# of GMT). This is a time zone I think two hours east of Moscow. The
# natural time zone is in between the two: 8 hours ahead of GMT.''
# natural time zone is in between the two: 8 hours ahead of GMT."
#
# From Paul Eggert (2001-05-04):
# This seems to be hopelessly confusing, so I asked Lee Hotz about it
......@@ -337,16 +338,8 @@ Zone Antarctica/Palmer 0 - zzz 1965
-4:00 ChileAQ CL%sT
#
#
# McMurdo, Ross Island, since 1955-12
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Antarctica/McMurdo 0 - zzz 1956
12:00 NZAQ NZ%sT
#
# Amundsen-Scott, South Pole, continuously occupied since 1956-11-20
#
# From Paul Eggert (1996-09-03):
# Normally it wouldn't have a separate entry, since it's like the
# larger Antarctica/McMurdo since 1970, but it's too famous to omit.
# McMurdo Station, Ross Island, since 1955-12
# Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, continuously occupied since 1956-11-20
#
# From Chris Carrier (1996-06-27):
# Siple, the first commander of the South Pole station,
......@@ -368,4 +361,4 @@ Zone Antarctica/McMurdo 0 - zzz 1956
# we have to go around and set them back 5 minutes or so.
# Maybe if we let them run fast all of the time, we'd get to leave here sooner!!
#
Link Antarctica/McMurdo Antarctica/South_Pole
# See 'australasia' for Antarctica/McMurdo.
......@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@
# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
# tz@iana.org for general use in the future).
# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
# From Paul Eggert (2013-08-11):
#
# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
......@@ -44,11 +44,11 @@
# 4:00 GST Gulf*
# 5:30 IST India
# 7:00 ICT Indochina*
# 7:00 WIT west Indonesia
# 8:00 CIT central Indonesia
# 7:00 WIB west Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Barat)
# 8:00 WITA central Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Tengah)
# 8:00 CST China
# 9:00 CJT Central Japanese Time (1896/1937)*
# 9:00 EIT east Indonesia
# 9:00 WIT east Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Timur)
# 9:00 JST JDT Japan
# 9:00 KST KDT Korea
# 9:30 CST (Australian) Central Standard Time
......@@ -756,7 +756,7 @@ Zone Asia/Dili 8:22:20 - LMT 1912
8:00 - TLT 1942 Feb 21 23:00 # E Timor Time
9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23
9:00 - TLT 1976 May 3
8:00 - CIT 2000 Sep 17 00:00
8:00 - WITA 2000 Sep 17 00:00
9:00 - TLT
# India
......@@ -793,36 +793,53 @@ Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata
# (Hollandia). For now, assume all Indonesian locations other than Jayapura
# switched on 1945-09-23.
#
# From Paul Eggert (2013-08-11):
# Normally the tz database uses English-language abbreviations, but in
# Indonesia it's typical to use Indonesian-language abbreviations even
# when writing in English. For example, see the English-language
# summary published by the Time and Frequency Laboratory of the
# Research Center for Calibration, Instrumentation and Metrology,
# Indonesia, <http://time.kim.lipi.go.id/time-eng.php> (2006-09-29).
# The abbreviations are:
#
# WIB - UTC+7 - Waktu Indonesia Barat (Indonesia western time)
# WITA - UTC+8 - Waktu Indonesia Tengah (Indonesia central time)
# WIT - UTC+9 - Waktu Indonesia Timur (Indonesia eastern time)
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
# Java, Sumatra
Zone Asia/Jakarta 7:07:12 - LMT 1867 Aug 10
# Shanks & Pottenger say the next transition was at 1924 Jan 1 0:13,
# but this must be a typo.
7:07:12 - JMT 1923 Dec 31 23:47:12 # Jakarta
7:07:12 - BMT 1923 Dec 31 23:47:12 # Batavia
7:20 - JAVT 1932 Nov # Java Time
7:30 - WIT 1942 Mar 23
7:30 - WIB 1942 Mar 23
9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23
7:30 - WIT 1948 May
8:00 - WIT 1950 May
7:30 - WIT 1964
7:00 - WIT
7:30 - WIB 1948 May
8:00 - WIB 1950 May
7:30 - WIB 1964
7:00 - WIB
# west and central Borneo
Zone Asia/Pontianak 7:17:20 - LMT 1908 May
7:17:20 - PMT 1932 Nov # Pontianak MT
7:30 - WIT 1942 Jan 29
7:30 - WIB 1942 Jan 29
9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23
7:30 - WIT 1948 May
8:00 - WIT 1950 May
7:30 - WIT 1964
8:00 - CIT 1988 Jan 1
7:00 - WIT
7:30 - WIB 1948 May
8:00 - WIB 1950 May
7:30 - WIB 1964
8:00 - WITA 1988 Jan 1
7:00 - WIB
# Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas, east and south Borneo
Zone Asia/Makassar 7:57:36 - LMT 1920
7:57:36 - MMT 1932 Nov # Macassar MT
8:00 - CIT 1942 Feb 9
8:00 - WITA 1942 Feb 9
9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23
8:00 - CIT
8:00 - WITA
# Maluku Islands, West Papua, Papua
Zone Asia/Jayapura 9:22:48 - LMT 1932 Nov
9:00 - EIT 1944 Sep 1
9:00 - WIT 1944 Sep 1
9:30 - CST 1964
9:00 - EIT
9:00 - WIT
# Iran
......@@ -1364,9 +1381,11 @@ Zone Asia/Tokyo 9:18:59 - LMT 1887 Dec 31 15:00u
# until about the same time next year (at least).
# http://www.petra.gov.jo/Public_News/Nws_NewsDetails.aspx?NewsID=88950
#
# From Paul Eggert (2012-10-25):
# For now, assume this is just a one-year measure. If it becomes
# permanent, we should move Jordan from EET to AST effective tomorrow.
# From Paul Eggert (2013-09-21):
# It's looking like this change will be permanent; see
# Petra News Agency, Cancelling winter saved Jordan $7 million (2013-02-20)
# <http://www.albawaba.com/business/jordan-winter-electricity--472005>.
# So move Jordan to UTC+3 as of the abovementioned date.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Jordan 1973 only - Jun 6 0:00 1:00 S
......@@ -1392,15 +1411,15 @@ Rule Jordan 1995 1998 - Sep Fri>=15 0:00s 0 -
Rule Jordan 1999 only - Jul 1 0:00s 1:00 S
Rule Jordan 1999 2002 - Sep lastFri 0:00s 0 -
Rule Jordan 2000 2001 - Mar lastThu 0:00s 1:00 S
Rule Jordan 2002 max - Mar lastThu 24:00 1:00 S
Rule Jordan 2002 2012 - Mar lastThu 24:00 1:00 S
Rule Jordan 2003 only - Oct 24 0:00s 0 -
Rule Jordan 2004 only - Oct 15 0:00s 0 -
Rule Jordan 2005 only - Sep lastFri 0:00s 0 -
Rule Jordan 2006 2011 - Oct lastFri 0:00s 0 -
Rule Jordan 2013 max - Oct lastFri 0:00s 0 -
Rule Jordan 2006 2012 - Oct lastFri 0:00s 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Amman 2:23:44 - LMT 1931
2:00 Jordan EE%sT
2:00 Jordan EE%sT 2012 Oct 26 0:00s
3:00 - AST
# Kazakhstan
......@@ -2280,9 +2299,18 @@ Zone Asia/Karachi 4:28:12 - LMT 1907
# http://www.samanews.com/index.php?act=Show&id=154120
# http://safa.ps/details/news/99844/%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%84%D9%87-%D8%A8%D8%AF%D8%A1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%82%D9%8A%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%8A%D9%81%D9%8A-29-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D8%A7%D8%B1%D9%8A.html
# From Paul Eggert (2013-04-15):
# From Steffen Thorsen (2013-09-24):
# The Gaza and West Bank are ending DST Thursday at midnight
# (2013-09-27 00:00:00) (one hour earlier than last year...).
# This source in English, says "that winter time will go into effect
# at midnight on Thursday in the West Bank and Gaza Strip":
# http://english.wafa.ps/index.php?action=detail&id=23246
# official source...:
# http://www.palestinecabinet.gov.ps/ar/Views/ViewDetails.aspx?pid=1252
# From Paul Eggert (2013-09-24):
# For future dates, guess the last Thursday in March at 24:00 through
# the first Friday on or after September 21 at 01:00. This is consistent with
# the first Friday on or after September 21 at 00:00. This is consistent with
# the predictions in today's editions of the following URLs,
# which are for Gaza and Hebron respectively:
# http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/timezone.html?n=702
......@@ -2313,7 +2341,8 @@ Rule Palestine 2011 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -
Rule Palestine 2011 only - Aug 30 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Palestine 2011 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 -
Rule Palestine 2012 max - Mar lastThu 24:00 1:00 S
Rule Palestine 2012 max - Sep Fri>=21 1:00 0 -
Rule Palestine 2012 only - Sep 21 1:00 0 -
Rule Palestine 2013 max - Sep Fri>=21 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Gaza 2:17:52 - LMT 1900 Oct
......
......@@ -352,16 +352,25 @@ Zone Indian/Cocos 6:27:40 - LMT 1900
# today confirmed that Fiji will start daylight savings at 2 am on Sunday 21st
# October 2012 and end at 3 am on Sunday 20th January 2013.
# http://www.fiji.gov.fj/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6702&catid=71&Itemid=155
# From the Fijian Government Media Center (2013-08-30) via David Wheeler:
# Fiji will start daylight savings on Sunday 27th October, 2013 and end at 3am
# on Sunday 19th January, 2014.... move clocks forward by one hour from 2am
# http://www.fiji.gov.fj/Media-Center/Press-Releases/DAYLIGHT-SAVING-STARTS-ON-SUNDAY,-27th-OCTOBER-201.aspx
#
# From Paul Eggert (2012-08-31):
# For now, guess a pattern of the penultimate Sundays in October and January.
# From Paul Eggert (2013-09-09):
# For now, guess that Fiji springs forward the Sunday before the fourth
# Monday in October. This matches both recent practice and
# timeanddate.com's current spring-forward prediction.
# For the January 2014 transition we guessed right while timeanddate.com
# guessed wrong, so leave the fall-back prediction alone.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Fiji 1998 1999 - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Fiji 1999 2000 - Feb lastSun 3:00 0 -
Rule Fiji 2009 only - Nov 29 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Fiji 2010 only - Mar lastSun 3:00 0 -
Rule Fiji 2010 max - Oct Sun>=18 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Fiji 2010 max - Oct Sun>=21 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Fiji 2011 only - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 -
Rule Fiji 2012 max - Jan Sun>=18 3:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
......@@ -487,6 +496,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Auckland 11:39:04 - LMT 1868 Nov 2
Zone Pacific/Chatham 12:13:48 - LMT 1957 Jan 1
12:45 Chatham CHA%sT
Link Pacific/Auckland Antarctica/McMurdo
# Auckland Is
# uninhabited; Maori and Moriori, colonial settlers, pastoralists, sealers,
......@@ -736,7 +746,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Funafuti 11:56:52 - LMT 1901
# 1886-1891; Baker was similar but exact dates are not known.
# Inhabited by civilians 1935-1942; U.S. military bases 1943-1944;
# uninhabited thereafter.
# Howland observed Hawaii Standard Time (UTC-10:30) in 1937;
# Howland observed Hawaii Standard Time (UT-10:30) in 1937;
# see page 206 of Elgen M. Long and Marie K. Long,
# Amelia Earhart: the Mystery Solved, Simon & Schuster (2000).
# So most likely Howland and Baker observed Hawaii Time from 1935
......@@ -749,8 +759,17 @@ Zone Pacific/Funafuti 11:56:52 - LMT 1901
# no information; was probably like Pacific/Kiritimati
# Johnston
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Johnston -10:00 - HST
#
# From Paul Eggert (2013-09-03):
# In his memoirs of June 6th to October 4, 1945
# <http://www.315bw.org/Herb_Bach.htm> (2005), Herbert C. Bach writes,
# "We started our letdown to Kwajalein Atoll and landed there at 5:00 AM
# Johnston time, 1:30 AM Kwajalein time." This was in June 1945, and
# confirms that Johnston kept the same time as Honolulu in summer 1945.
# We have no better information, so for now, assume this has been true
# indefinitely into the past.
#
# See 'northamerica' for Pacific/Johnston.
# Kingman
# uninhabited
......
......@@ -22,15 +22,17 @@ Link America/Kentucky/Louisville America/Louisville
Link America/Argentina/Mendoza America/Mendoza
Link America/Rio_Branco America/Porto_Acre
Link America/Argentina/Cordoba America/Rosario
Link America/St_Thomas America/Virgin
Link America/Denver America/Shiprock
Link America/Port_of_Spain America/Virgin
Link Pacific/Auckland Antarctica/South_Pole
Link Asia/Ashgabat Asia/Ashkhabad
Link Asia/Kolkata Asia/Calcutta
Link Asia/Chongqing Asia/Chungking
Link Asia/Dhaka Asia/Dacca
Link Asia/Kathmandu Asia/Katmandu
Link Asia/Kolkata Asia/Calcutta
Link Asia/Macau Asia/Macao
Link Asia/Jerusalem Asia/Tel_Aviv
Link Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh Asia/Saigon
Link Asia/Jerusalem Asia/Tel_Aviv
Link Asia/Thimphu Asia/Thimbu
Link Asia/Makassar Asia/Ujung_Pandang
Link Asia/Ulaanbaatar Asia/Ulan_Bator
......@@ -88,10 +90,10 @@ Link Pacific/Auckland NZ
Link Pacific/Chatham NZ-CHAT
Link America/Denver Navajo
Link Asia/Shanghai PRC
Link Pacific/Pohnpei Pacific/Ponape
Link Pacific/Pago_Pago Pacific/Samoa
Link Pacific/Chuuk Pacific/Yap
Link Pacific/Chuuk Pacific/Truk
Link Pacific/Pohnpei Pacific/Ponape
Link Pacific/Chuuk Pacific/Yap
Link Europe/Warsaw Poland
Link Europe/Lisbon Portugal
Link Asia/Taipei ROC
......
......@@ -31,9 +31,9 @@ Link Etc/GMT Etc/GMT0
# even though this is the opposite of what many people expect.
# POSIX has positive signs west of Greenwich, but many people expect
# positive signs east of Greenwich. For example, TZ='Etc/GMT+4' uses
# the abbreviation "GMT+4" and corresponds to 4 hours behind UTC
# the abbreviation "GMT+4" and corresponds to 4 hours behind UT
# (i.e. west of Greenwich) even though many people would expect it to
# mean 4 hours ahead of UTC (i.e. east of Greenwich).
# mean 4 hours ahead of UT (i.e. east of Greenwich).
#
# In the draft 5 of POSIX 1003.1-200x, the angle bracket notation allows for
# TZ='<GMT-4>+4'; if you want time zone abbreviations conforming to
......
......@@ -42,7 +42,7 @@
# </a> (1998-09-21, in Portuguese)
#
# I invented the abbreviations marked `*' in the following table;
# I invented the abbreviations marked '*' in the following table;
# the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources.
# Corrections are welcome!
# std dst 2dst
......@@ -96,7 +96,7 @@
# and a sketch map showing some of the sightlines involved. One paragraph
# of the text said:
#
# `An old stone obelisk marking a forgotten terrestrial meridian stands
# 'An old stone obelisk marking a forgotten terrestrial meridian stands
# beside the river at Kew. In the 18th century, before time and longitude
# was standardised by the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, scholars observed
# this stone and the movement of stars from Kew Observatory nearby. They
......@@ -140,7 +140,7 @@
# From Paul Eggert (2003-09-27):
# Summer Time was first seriously proposed by William Willett (1857-1915),
# a London builder and member of the Royal Astronomical Society
# who circulated a pamphlet ``The Waste of Daylight'' (1907)
# who circulated a pamphlet "The Waste of Daylight" (1907)
# that proposed advancing clocks 20 minutes on each of four Sundays in April,
# and retarding them by the same amount on four Sundays in September.
# A bill was drafted in 1909 and introduced in Parliament several times,
......@@ -165,10 +165,10 @@
# </a>
# From Paul Eggert (1996-09-03):
# The OED Supplement says that the English originally said ``Daylight Saving''
# The OED Supplement says that the English originally said "Daylight Saving"
# when they were debating the adoption of DST in 1908; but by 1916 this
# term appears only in quotes taken from DST's opponents, whereas the
# proponents (who eventually won the argument) are quoted as using ``Summer''.
# proponents (who eventually won the argument) are quoted as using "Summer".
# From Arthur David Olson (1989-01-19):
#
......@@ -208,9 +208,9 @@
# which could not be said to run counter to any official description.
# From Paul Eggert (2000-10-02):
# Howse writes (p 157) `DBST' too, but `BDST' seems to have been common
# Howse writes (p 157) 'DBST' too, but 'BDST' seems to have been common
# and follows the more usual convention of putting the location name first,
# so we use `BDST'.
# so we use 'BDST'.
# Peter Ilieve (1998-04-19) described at length
# the history of summer time legislation in the United Kingdom.
......@@ -431,6 +431,8 @@ Rule GB-Eire 1981 1989 - Oct Sun>=23 1:00u 0 GMT
Rule GB-Eire 1990 1995 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00u 0 GMT
# Summer Time Order 1997 (S.I. 1997/2982)
# See EU for rules starting in 1996.
#
# Use Europe/London for Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/London -0:01:15 - LMT 1847 Dec 1 0:00s
......@@ -797,7 +799,7 @@ Zone Europe/Brussels 0:17:30 - LMT 1880
1:00 EU CE%sT
# Bosnia and Herzegovina
# see Serbia
# See Europe/Belgrade.
# Bulgaria
#
......@@ -825,10 +827,10 @@ Zone Europe/Sofia 1:33:16 - LMT 1880
2:00 EU EE%sT
# Croatia
# see Serbia
# See Europe/Belgrade.
# Cyprus
# Please see the `asia' file for Asia/Nicosia.
# Please see the 'asia' file for Asia/Nicosia.
# Czech Republic
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
......@@ -845,6 +847,7 @@ Zone Europe/Prague 0:57:44 - LMT 1850
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Sep 17 2:00s
1:00 Czech CE%sT 1979
1:00 EU CE%sT
# Use Europe/Prague also for Slovakia.
# Denmark, Faroe Islands, and Greenland
......@@ -1008,12 +1011,12 @@ Zone America/Thule -4:35:08 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Pituffik air base
# From Peter Ilieve (1996-10-28):
# [IATA SSIM (1992/1996) claims that the Baltic republics switch at 01:00s,
# but a relative confirms that Estonia still switches at 02:00s, writing:]
# ``I do not [know] exactly but there are some little different
# "I do not [know] exactly but there are some little different
# (confusing) rules for International Air and Railway Transport Schedules
# conversion in Sunday connected with end of summer time in Estonia....
# A discussion is running about the summer time efficiency and effect on
# human physiology. It seems that Estonia maybe will not change to
# summer time next spring.''
# summer time next spring."
# From Peter Ilieve (1998-11-04), heavily edited:
# <a href="http://trip.rk.ee/cgi-bin/thw?${BASE}=akt&${OOHTML}=rtd&TA=1998&TO=1&AN=1390">
......@@ -1068,7 +1071,7 @@ Zone Europe/Tallinn 1:39:00 - LMT 1880
# Well, here in Helsinki we're just changing from summer time to regular one,
# and it's supposed to change at 4am...
# From Janne Snabb (2010-0715):
# From Janne Snabb (2010-07-15):
#
# I noticed that the Finland data is not accurate for years 1981 and 1982.
# During these two first trial years the DST adjustment was made one hour
......@@ -1125,7 +1128,7 @@ Link Europe/Helsinki Europe/Mariehamn
#
# Shank & Pottenger seem to use `24:00' ambiguously; resolve it with Whitman.
# Shank & Pottenger seem to use '24:00' ambiguously; resolve it with Whitman.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule France 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule France 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -
......@@ -1415,7 +1418,7 @@ Zone Atlantic/Reykjavik -1:27:24 - LMT 1837
# <a href="http://toi.iriti.cnr.it/uk/ienitlt.html">
# Day-light Saving Time in Italy (2006-02-03)
# </a>
# (`FP' below), taken from an Italian National Electrotechnical Institute
# ('FP' below), taken from an Italian National Electrotechnical Institute
# publication. When the three sources disagree, guess who's right, as follows:
#
# year FP Shanks&P. (S) Whitman (W) Go with:
......@@ -1561,10 +1564,22 @@ Zone Europe/Riga 1:36:24 - LMT 1880
2:00 EU EE%sT
# Liechtenstein
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Vaduz 0:38:04 - LMT 1894 Jun
1:00 - CET 1981
1:00 EU CE%sT
# From Paul Eggert (2013-09-09):
# Shanks & Pottenger say Vaduz is like Zurich.
# From Alois Treindl (2013-09-18):
# http://www.eliechtensteinensia.li/LIJ/1978/1938-1978/1941.pdf
# ... confirms on p. 6 that Liechtenstein followed Switzerland in 1941 and 1942.
# I ... translate only the last two paragraphs:
# ... during second world war, in the years 1941 and 1942, Liechtenstein
# introduced daylight saving time, adapting to Switzerland. From 1943 on
# central European time was in force throughout the year.
# From a report of the duke's government to the high council,
# regarding the introduction of a time law, of 31 May 1977.
Link Europe/Zurich Europe/Vaduz
# Lithuania
......@@ -1652,7 +1667,7 @@ Zone Europe/Luxembourg 0:24:36 - LMT 1904 Jun
1:00 EU CE%sT
# Macedonia
# see Serbia
# See Europe/Belgrade.
# Malta
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
......@@ -1745,7 +1760,7 @@ Zone Europe/Monaco 0:29:32 - LMT 1891 Mar 15
1:00 EU CE%sT
# Montenegro
# see Serbia
# See Europe/Belgrade.
# Netherlands
......@@ -1860,7 +1875,7 @@ Zone Europe/Oslo 0:43:00 - LMT 1895 Jan 1
# before 1895, and therefore probably changed the local time somewhere
# between 1895 and 1925 (inclusive).
# From Paul Eggert (2001-05-01):
# From Paul Eggert (2013-09-04):
#
# Actually, Jan Mayen was never occupied by Germany during World War II,
# so it must have diverged from Oslo time during the war, as Oslo was
......@@ -1871,7 +1886,7 @@ Zone Europe/Oslo 0:43:00 - LMT 1895 Jan 1
# 1941 with a small Norwegian garrison and continued operations despite
# frequent air ttacks from Germans. In 1943 the Americans established a
# radiolocating station on the island, called "Atlantic City". Possibly
# the UTC offset changed during the war, but I think it unlikely that
# the UT offset changed during the war, but I think it unlikely that
# Jan Mayen used German daylight-saving rules.
#
# Svalbard is more complicated, as it was raided in August 1941 by an
......@@ -1884,9 +1899,8 @@ Zone Europe/Oslo 0:43:00 - LMT 1895 Jan 1
# the German armed forces at the Svalbard weather station code-named
# Haudegen did not surrender to the Allies until September 1945.
#
# All these events predate our cutoff date of 1970. Unless we can
# come up with more definitive info about the timekeeping during the
# war years it's probably best just do...the following for now:
# All these events predate our cutoff date of 1970, so use Europe/Oslo
# for these regions.
Link Europe/Oslo Arctic/Longyearbyen
# Poland
......@@ -2144,7 +2158,7 @@ Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct
# so we (Novosibirsk) simply did not switch.
#
# From Andrey A. Chernov (1996-10-04):
# `MSK' and `MSD' were born and used initially on Moscow computers with
# 'MSK' and 'MSD' were born and used initially on Moscow computers with
# UNIX-like OSes by several developer groups (e.g. Demos group, Kiae group)....
# The next step was the UUCP network, the Relcom predecessor
# (used mainly for mail), and MSK/MSD was actively used there.
......@@ -2443,6 +2457,9 @@ Zone Asia/Anadyr 11:49:56 - LMT 1924 May 2
11:00 Russia ANA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
12:00 - ANAT
# San Marino
# See Europe/Rome.
# Serbia
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Belgrade 1:22:00 - LMT 1884
......@@ -2465,7 +2482,7 @@ Link Europe/Belgrade Europe/Zagreb # Croatia
Link Europe/Prague Europe/Bratislava
# Slovenia
# see Serbia
# See Europe/Belgrade.
# Spain
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
......@@ -2599,7 +2616,7 @@ Zone Europe/Stockholm 1:12:12 - LMT 1879 Jan 1
# and their performance improved enormously. Communities began to keep
# mean time in preference to apparent time -- Geneva from 1780 ....
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
# From Whitman (who writes ``Midnight?''):
# From Whitman (who writes "Midnight?"):
# Rule Swiss 1940 only - Nov 2 0:00 1:00 S
# Rule Swiss 1940 only - Dec 31 0:00 0 -
# From Shanks & Pottenger:
......@@ -2644,23 +2661,53 @@ Zone Europe/Stockholm 1:12:12 - LMT 1879 Jan 1
# The 1940 rules must be deleted.
#
# One further detail for Switzerland, which is probably out of scope for
# most users of tzdata:
# The zone file
# Zone Europe/Zurich 0:34:08 - LMT 1848 Sep 12
# 0:29:44 - BMT 1894 Jun #Bern Mean Time
# 1:00 Swiss CE%sT 1981
# 1:00 EU CE%sT
# most users of tzdata: The [Europe/Zurich zone] ...
# describes all of Switzerland correctly, with the exception of
# the Cantone Geneve (Geneva, Genf). Between 1848 and 1894 Geneve did not
# follow Bern Mean Time but kept its own local mean time.
# To represent this, an extra zone would be needed.
#
# From Alois Treindl (2013-09-11):
# The Federal regulations say
# http://www.admin.ch/opc/de/classified-compilation/20071096/index.html
# ... the meridian for Bern mean time ... is 7 degrees 26'22.50".
# Expressed in time, it is 0h29m45.5s.
# From Pierre-Yves Berger (2013-09-11):
# the "Circulaire du conseil federal" (December 11 1893)
# <http://www.amtsdruckschriften.bar.admin.ch/viewOrigDoc.do?id=10071353> ...
# clearly states that the [1894-06-01] change should be done at midnight
# but if no one is present after 11 at night, could be postponed until one
# hour before the beginning of service.
# From Paul Eggert (2013-09-11):
# Round BMT to the nearest even second, 0:29:46.
#
# We can find no reliable source for Shanks's assertion that all of Switzerland
# except Geneva switched to Bern Mean Time at 00:00 on 1848-09-12. This book:
#
# Jakob Messerli. Gleichmassig, punktlich, schnell: Zeiteinteilung und
# Zeitgebrauch in der Schweiz im 19. Jahrhundert. Chronos, Zurich 1995,
# ISBN 3-905311-68-2, OCLC 717570797.
#
# suggests that the transition was more gradual, and that the Swiss did not
# agree about civil time during the transition. The timekeeping it gives the
# most detail for is postal and telegraph time: here, federal legislation (the
# "Bundesgesetz uber die Erstellung von elektrischen Telegraphen") passed on
# 1851-11-23, and an official implementation notice was published 1853-07-16
# (Bundesblatt 1853, Bd. II, S. 859). On p 72 Messerli writes that in
# practice since July 1853 Bernese time was used in "all postal and telegraph
# offices in Switzerland from Geneva to St. Gallen and Basel to Chiasso"
# (Google translation). For now, model this transition as occurring on
# 1853-07-16, though it probably occurred at some other date in Zurich, and
# legal civil time probably changed at still some other transition date.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - May Mon>=1 1:00 1:00 S
Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - Oct Mon>=1 2:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Zurich 0:34:08 - LMT 1848 Sep 12
0:29:44 - BMT 1894 Jun # Bern Mean Time
Zone Europe/Zurich 0:34:08 - LMT 1853 Jul 16 # See above comment.
0:29:46 - BMT 1894 Jun # Bern Mean Time
1:00 Swiss CE%sT 1981
1:00 EU CE%sT
......@@ -2884,7 +2931,7 @@ Zone Europe/Simferopol 2:16:24 - LMT 1880
# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# The _Economist_ (1994-05-28, p 45) reports that central Crimea switched
# from Kiev to Moscow time sometime after the January 1994 elections.
# Shanks (1999) says ``date of change uncertain'', but implies that it happened
# Shanks (1999) says "date of change uncertain", but implies that it happened
# sometime between the 1994 DST switches. Shanks & Pottenger simply say
# 1994-09-25 03:00, but that can't be right. For now, guess it
# changed in May.
......@@ -2898,6 +2945,9 @@ Zone Europe/Simferopol 2:16:24 - LMT 1880
3:00 - MSK 1997 Mar lastSun 1:00u
2:00 EU EE%sT
# Vatican City
# See Europe/Rome.
###############################################################################
# One source shows that Bulgaria, Cyprus, Finland, and Greece observe DST from
......
......@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@
# 1. ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code, current as of
# ISO 3166-1 Newsletter VI-15 (2013-05-10). See: Updates on ISO 3166
# http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/country_codes/updates_on_iso_3166.htm